Diarrhoea in childern - Health-Logs

Diarrhoea in childern - Health-Logs

It is estimated that 70 million children, under the age of 5 years die every year. In 30% of these children the diarrhoea is associated with malnutrition. While diarrhoea can be worrying in small babies, in older children it is unlikely to cause any health risk as long as you ensure that your child has plenty to drink while he has diarrhoea. The most common cause of diarrhoea is a viral infection (gastroenteritis). In more cases, medicines are not effective. The best treatment is to allow body to gid rid if the infection while taking care of maintain the optimum level of fluid and salts in the body.

When a child passes runny, watery stools more frequently than usual it is called diarrhoea. in small babies, who ate only breastfed, very soft faeces may be passed, which and should not be mistaken for loose motions.

The most common cause of diarrhoea is a viral or ‘bacterial’ infection of the digestive tract (gastro-enteritis). In viral diarrhoea there is no role for medicine. The body rids itself of the infection.

If your baby is running a fever, ha vomiting and diarrhoea and is also unable to take a feed, consult your doctor without any delay

Patient with diarrhoea can lose large amounts of water and salts. This  is called dehydration. Dehydration can develop rapidly within a few hours. The body needs water and salt to live. When loss of water and salt through diarrhoea is equal to about 10% of the body weight, dehydration become severe and the person will die within an hour or two.

Diarrhoea is the most common cause of the death in children under 3 years of age because:

A mall child’ body has not yet learned to defend itself well against infection.

Malnourished children get diarrhoea easily and diarrhoea make malnutrition worse

During diarrhoea, some children do not get enough food and drink.

The most serious risk associated with diarrhoea is dehydration. If the child is very small and has vomiting along with diarrhoea, the chances of dehydration are much higher. if your child is vomiting continuously and not retaining anything, he had diarrhoea. Take the child to a hospital. Intravenous fluids are life saving in such  a  situation 

A mild degree of diarrhoea can be safely treated at home. You should stop giving milk and solids to the baby for at least 24 hour and gradually re-introduce a normal diet over the following day.

on the first day, instead of milk you may give glucose solution by taking two levels teaspoonfuls of glucose in on cup of boiled water

It is not only glucose which is necessary in cases of diarrhoea.

Some salts should be given along with water. Nowaday, electrolyte pre-parations are available over the counter known as oral rehydration solutions (ORS), which can be prepared easily by adding them to boiled water.

If your breastfed baby has gastroenteritis, do not breast feed for the first 24 hours of the illness but give the recommended amount of oral rehydration solution. On each successive day, reduce the amount solution and put your baby back to breastfeeding. if you get discomfort due to overfull breasts, the milk can be expressed.

If the baby is already weaned, give no milk or dairy products for five days but give glucose or electrolyte solutions in recommended dose. Give no solids on the first day and then gradually tart giving sieved fruits and vegetables from day two onwards .

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